It is usually between eight and sixteen months that a bitch is running for the first time. If you wish to breed with your dog, it is possible from the third heat or from two years for breeds that only run once a year.
If you do not wish to breed, it is advisable to sterilize bitches for the following reasons; during the course of time, females change and attract males. During this period they also lose blood and walk away more easily. Non-sterilized bitches have a much higher risk of developing mammary gland tumors. At a higher age, the uterus of a non-sterilized bitch can become inflamed. They must then be operated urgently and this operation is sometimes very risky given the age and often bad condition of the dog.
Sterilization also has side effects, for example; there is a reduction in the basal metabolic rate, as a result of which you give preventive only ¾ of the normal amount of food. Otherwise the bitch can increase in weight. In some bitches, especially in large breeds, it is possible that urinary incontinence occurs due to the reduced hormonal level. There are treatments to remedy this. It is important for you to know that the incontinence rate is much lower for sterilized bitches than the percentage of mammary gland tumors and uterine inflammations in non-sterilized bitches.
Castration of the dog
Your dog can be spayed or neutered from the age of 6 months.
Castration of your dog can be considered if your dog is aggressive to other males, your dog runs away more often or for other medical reasons such as tumors and abnormalities of testes.
By a castration, your dog usually becomes calmer but it will not completely change his character. You will only experience the effect of castration after a few weeks.
During a castration, the testicles are removed and the most important production of male hormones is stopped. There is still a quantity of these hormones in the body so they can continue to exercise for some time. For an appointment or more information about your dog's castration, you can always contact us by phone.
In both a castration and a sterilization it is important to give your dog no food 12 hours in advance. This is important in connection with anesthesia, otherwise your pet may vomit and this can cause complications.
Castration and sterilization are done under general anesthesia. This means that the veterinarians must properly assess the condition of your dog beforehand.
At Vetocambre we have three check-up options from which you can choose.
- Check up 1 is a general clinical check of your pet.
- Check up 2 is a general clinical check, urine analysis and blood analysis.
- Check up 3 is a general clinical check, urine analysis, blood analysis, ultrasound and Xray.
In these check-ups, the blood levels of your dog are checked to ensure that the liver and kidneys function normally and can effectively eliminate the anesthetic agent. Protein levels provide information about the binding with the anesthetics.
The blood is also checked for signs of hormonal disease, diabetes, infection or inflammation. The echo and Xray are important to look at the size and shape of the organs; heart, lungs and kidneys. Depending on the results, the risks of the intervention are estimated.
Especially in dogs with an older age or a previous history it is very important that a check-up is done.
The dog comes sober in the morning (12 hours no more food, drinking allowed to stand). Normally you can pick up your dog between 16.00 and 17.00.
The surgery itself
Vetocambre has two operating rooms and three operating tables.
Both operating rooms have high quality monitors and materials to ensure that the operations run as smoothly as possible. For maintenance anesthesia we work with isoflurane, a very safe anesthetic gas that ensures that patients wake up quickly.
During the narcosis, specialized devices such as a capnograph and a pulse oximeter ensure careful monitoring. All patients also receive an intravenous catheter and they wake up quietly in the recovery that is specially equipped for this. We attach great importance to the prevention of postoperative pains.
The ovaries are removed by bitches through an incision on the stomach. Only when we notice that the uterus does not look healthy anymore (filled with fluids, cysts, ...) will it be removed. Then the belly is sealed in 3 layers. First the abdominal muscles then the subcutis and then the skin.
In male dogs the testicles are removed via an incision just before the ball bag. This wound is also attached. After 10 days there is a check visit. Here the wires are removed and it is checked if everything is in order with your pet.
For an appointment or additional information regarding sterilization or castration you can contact us