One of the most important things that you can do to assure your cat’s good health is to have it vaccinated. Kittens are protected by antibodies present in maternal milk until the age of 12 weeks (3 months). Assuring the continuation of your kittens’ protection after this period depends on you, with the help and advice of your veterinarian. The vaccination improves the quality of your cat’s life by helping to avoid diseases.
Feline infectious enteritis (Feline panleukopenia)
Feline panleukopenia is the viral contagious disease characterised by severe gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhoea) leading to death in 90% of cases of kittens. The disease is transmitted very easily because the virus responsible for the disease is very resistant in the environment.
Feline chlamydiosis is a bacterial infectious disease manifesting itself as a conjunctivitis accompanied sometimes by rhinitis and occasionally by pneumonia. Feline chlamydiosis can be exceptionally transmitted to humans in form of the benign conjunctivitis.
Sneezing disease (Feline viral rhinotracheitis)
Is an infectious respiratory disease demonstrating itself essentially by rhinitis and conjunctivitis causing sneezing and excessive tear production. It can be accompanied by the loss of appetite and sometimes by oral mucosal lesions (tongue ulcers).
Feline influenza can lead to the respiratory or ocular damage and in extreme cases can cause death of the affected animal. This disease is very common; it represents 90% of all respiratory diseases of cats. Cats of all ages and races are susceptible, independently of their sex.
The most commonly isolated viruses are the feline herpesvirus 1 and the feline calicivirus. When the affected cat recovers from the symptoms, it can remain as a carrier of viruses and can continue to infect other cats.
Feline leucosis is caused by the retrovirus - Feline leukemia virus (FeLV). This disease is principally characterised by the formation of tumours and by immunosuppression.
Virus is spread from the infected cat by saliva (bit or licking), through a litter box, close contacts and by milk during nursing. Transmission can also occur during gestation, from infected mother to her kittens. Feline leucosis affects only cats and is not transmissible to humans. There are simple blood tests available for verification of the presence of the FeLV infection. Vaccination against leucosis represents one of the most important progresses of the actual feline medicine and it can be done from the age of 9 weeks.
Feline Immunodeficiency Syndrome (feline AIDS)
Feline Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by the virus related to FeLV, and is similarly not pathogenic for humans.
Actually, there is no vaccination available to prevent this disease. The primary mode of transmission is bites occurring during the fights between cats. As for the FeLV, there are simple blood tests available for the investigation of the FIV infection.
Rabies is an infectious disease transmissible to humans. Rabies manifests itself by neural problems leading to death. The presence of rabies is strictly controlled and the vaccination of cats living in the declared zone is obligatory. The vaccination is demanded also for cats travelling abroad.
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